Applied methods


We used almost all existing electrophysiological techniques to register cell activities both in cultures and brain slices, for instance:
-whole-cell and cell-attached patch-clamp recordings
-perforated patch recordings
-extracellular recordings  

Digital imaging:

This approach allows measuring of different intracellular ion concentrations, including sodium, calcium, potassium. Using voltage-sensitive dyes one can record membrane potentials.